Most solar PV systems are installed on roofs, enabling you to put empty space to productive use. Solar PV systems can be mounted on either flat or sloped roofs. Flat-roof installations have the advantage of allowing the mounting system to be oriented and tilted in any position to maximize energy production. Roof-mounted systems also help protect the roof from the sun’s UV rays.
Many systems are installed on the ground. Ground mounted arrays are also easy to position for maximum energy production. Ground arrays are a good alternative for facilities where roofs are unsuitable or cannot support solar panels.
Parking lots or walkway canopies are a third possible location. In addition to holding the panels that generate solar energy, the canopies provide shade and offer shelter in inclement weather.